underground mining encyclopedia


  • Mining - Encyclopedia of Arkansas

    Mining is defined as the extraction of valuable minerals or stone (mineral resources) from the earth, usually from an ore body, vein, or bed. Materials mined in Arkansas include base metals, iron, vanadium, coal, diamonds, crushed and dimension stone, barite, tripoli, …


  • The Underground - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon ...

    The Underground (Japanese: ちかつうろ Underground Path) is an area in Pokémon Diamond, Pearl, and Platinum found beneath the entire Sinnoh region. Players can travel underground at any time using an Explorer Kit, which they can receive from the Underground Man in Eterna City .


  • Mining | Britannica.com

    Mining: Mining, process of extracting useful minerals from the surface of the Earth, including the seas. A mineral, with a few exceptions, is an inorganic substance occurring in nature that has a definite chemical composition and distinctive physical properties or molecular structure. (One organic


  • Underground - definition of underground by The Free Dictionary

    underground - an electric railway operating below the surface of the ground (usually in a city); "in Paris the subway system is called the `metro' and in London it is called the `tube' or the `underground'"


  • EARTH'S RESOURCES - Fact Monster

    Mining is noisy, dusty, and can require the use of dangerous chemicals, all of which can cause environmental damage. UNDERGROUND MINING A gold mine in Indonesia is an example of an underground mine, where rock is dug out by machinery deep under the surface.


  • Mining | The Canadian Encyclopedia

    These methods, also known as strip mining or open-pit mining, remove surface material, or overburden, to reveal extensive, low-grade deposits. The removal of vegetation and soils and the creation of massive pits by opencast mining make it controversial as a source of landscape degradation and water pollution.


  • mining: Underground Mining Methods | Infoplease

    mining: Underground Mining Methods A major factor in the decision to operate by underground mining rather than surface mining is the strip ratio, or the number of units of waste material in a surface mine that must be removed in order to extract one unit of ore.


  • Underground Mining Transportation Systems

    UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS CIVIL ENGINEERING – Vol. II - Underground Mining Transportation Systems - K. Matsui ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) cage. Pipes and long materials may be slung either in or below the cage. Large machines


  • The Mining Process – Waihi Gold

    1. Mining – open pit and underground. To define the ore from the waste rock, samples are taken and assayed. Assay results are used to mark out areas of ore and waste rock, which are mined separately.


  • Underground mining (hard rock) - Wikipedia

    Mining - Underground mining: When any ore body lies a considerable distance below the surface, the amount of waste that has to be removed in order to uncover the ore through surface mining becomes prohibitive, and underground techniques must be considered.


  • Mining - Wikipedia

    Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.These deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay.


  • primary crusher for underground metal mine - parsana.in

    Dec 07, 2015· primary crushers in underground mining - latourdebebelle.be. primary crusher for underground metal mine - … Aspects of Underground Primary Crusher Plant Design. ... Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The primary sources of heat in underground hard rock mines are rock ... Get a Price. Crusher - Wikipedia.


  • coal - National Geographic Society

    Underground mining, sometimes called deep mining, is a process that retrieves coal from deep below the Earth's surface—sometimes as far as 300 meters (1,000 feet). Miners travel by elevator down a mine shaft to reach the depths of the mine, and operate heavy machinery that extracts the coal …


  • Mining - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Underground mining is a dangerous job. Many mines have accidents. Hundreds of miners die every year from accidents, mostly in poor countries. Safety rules and special safety equipment is used to try and protect miners from accidents.


  • Mining and underground resources – Te Ara Encyclopedia of ...

    Mining underground resources is a feature of modern society. Although gold is the most glamorous commodity, in New Zealand the annual production of aggregate and coal is more valuable.


  • mining safety encyclopedia - mountainboards.co.za

    Feb 19, 2018· Safety has long been a concern in the mining business, especially in underground mining. The Courrières mine disaster, Europe's worst mining accident, : Encyclopedia of Data Warehousing and Mining


  • Mine Warfare | International Encyclopedia of the First ...

    Mine warfare or mining are the terms used to describe the digging of tunnels under the enemy's line in order to place explosives to destroy a key location, to prevent an enemy from digging tunnels, or to protect one's own tunnel diggers and tunnels.


  • Edumine - Professional Development and Training for Mining

    Edumine provides online courses, short courses and live webcasts in support of professional development and training for the mining industry.


  • underground coal mining | Encyclopedia.com

    Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Within the ...


  • natural gas | National Geographic Society

    Natural gas is a fossil fuel.Like other fossil fuels such as coal and oil, natural gas forms from the plants, animals, and microorganisms that lived millions of years ago. There are several different theories to explain how fossil fuels are formed. The most prevalent theory is that they form underground, under intense conditions.


  • Coal Mining Encyclopedia Of Alabama - rr-icecream.be

    Coal Mining | Encyclopedia of Alabama Experiencing both boom and bust, the coal-mining industry has affected the lives of thousands of people in northern and central Alabama.The industry changed the face of the state—geographically, economically, socially, politically, culturally.


  • Coal mining - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Coal mining is the process of getting coal out of the ground. It is part of the mining industry.Coal is used as a resource for making electricity.. Extraction. Surface mining is done when the coal is near the surface. Coal miners remove the soil above the coal. The coal can then be removed without the coal miners having to go deep underground..


  • Lighting in Underground Mines - iloencyclopaedia.org

    Light Sources in Mining. In 1879 a practical incandescent filament lamp was patented. As a result light no longer depended on a fuel source. Many startling breakthroughs have been made in lighting knowledge since Edison's discovery, including some with applications in underground mines.


  • Underground Mining Methods and Equipment

    UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS CIVIL ENGINEERING – Vol. II - Underground Mining Methods and Equipment - S. Okubo and J. Yamatomi ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) 2. Strength of the hanging wall, footwall, and ore body. 3. Economic value of the ore and grade distribution within the deposit.


  • Coal Mining | Encyclopedia of Alabama

    Experiencing both boom and bust, the coal-mining industry has affected the lives of thousands of people in northern and central Alabama.The industry changed the face of the state—geographically, economically, socially, politically, culturally.


  • Techniques in Underground Mining - iloencyclopaedia.org

    Techniques in Underground Mining " DISCLAIMER: The ILO does not take responsibility for content presented on this web portal that is presented in any language other than English, which is the language used for the initial production and peer-review of original content."


  • What are the main methods of mining? | American ...

    There are four main mining methods: underground, open surface (pit), placer, and in-situ mining. Underground mines are more expensive and are often used to reach deeper deposits.


  • Mining links: Underground mining (soft rock) - Wikipedia ...

    Underground mining (soft rock) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Because deposits in sedimentary rocks are commonly layered and relatively less hard, the mining methods used differ from those used to mine deposits in igneous or metamorphic rocks ( see Underground mining (hard rock) ).


  • Mining | Encyclopedia.com

    Mining Modern mining is an industry that involves the exploration for and removal of minerals from the earth, economically and with minimum damage to the environment. Mining is important because minerals are major sources of energy [1] as well as materials such as fertilizers and steel.


  • Mining, Underground | Article about Mining, Underground by ...

    Mining, Underground the aggregate of operations to open and develop a deposit and remove ores, nonmetallic minerals, and coals. A different technology is applied in underground leaching, underground solution, and other underground mining procedures that use boreholes. The opening operation is accomplished with vertical and inclined shafts or drifts ...


  • Chromite mining - The Oregon Encyclopedia

    Chromite is a mineral that contains chromium. It is considered a strategic mineral, which generally means that it is necessary for military and industrial use during periods of national emergency.


  • Mining Facts for Kids - Kiddle

    Mining is the process of mining stuff out of the ground. Any material that cannot be grown must be mined. Mining things from the ground is called extraction.Mining can include extraction of metals and minerals, like coal, diamond, gold, silver, platinum, copper, tin and iron.Mining can also include other things like oil and natural gas.. Some mining is done by scraping away the soil (dirt ...